A recall is an action conducted by an establishment to voluntarily remove adulterated or misbranded products from commerce. Recalls are initiated by the manufacturer or distributor of the meat or poultry products, sometimes at the request of FSIS. If a company refuses to recall its products, the FSIS has the legal authority to detain and seize those products from commerce. According to Title 9 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 418 (9 CFR 418, it is required that official establishments producing meat and/or poultry products prepare and maintain written recall plans.
There are three levels of meat and poultry recalls categorized by FSIS. The type of recall depends on the potential risk to consumers.
Class 1- There is a reasonable probability that eating the product will cause serious, adverse health consequences or death.
Class 2- There is a remote probability of adverse health consequences if the product is eaten.
Class 3- Eating the product will not cause adverse health consequences.
5000.8 Verifying Compliance with Requirements for Written Recall Procedures (Dec 18, 2013)
5100.2 Enforcement, Investigations, and Analysis Officer (EIAO) Responsibilities Related Recalls and Consumer Complaints (Oct 4, 2005)
8080.1 Recall of Meat and Poultry Products- Revision 7 (Sep 9, 2013)